Thanks for the suggestion, I’ve been able to find a few more details about the process with that term. However I haven’t been able to find anything that explains how the speed of traversal is regulated.
Speed of traversal? You mean how fast DNA polymerase moves along DNA? That’s mostly dependent on the inherent properties of each DNA polymerase, and for some polymerases ( the main one for DNA replication included) it is greatly increased by the sliding clamp.
It’s not so much the speed of traversal as how that speed is controlled.
Logically, in order to perfectly copy the DNA it’s critical that the polymerase moves along the strand no faster than it’s able to attach nucleotides. I would imagine the rate at which is attaches nucleotides is variable (since it has to gather them from the surrounding environment). Is there a (known) mechanism for regulating the speed, or does it perhaps just move relatively slowly and hope for the best?
I’m still stuck on a more basic point as well – what powers the movement of the polymerase in the first place.