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    • #15770

      Hi all,
      I need help with primer design please. I want to design primers for Mus musculus GMCSF gene. I found it’s cDNA but it’s too long so I take a part of it where starts with the initiation codon ATG as follows:
      1 ggtcagactg cccaggcagg gtgggaaagg cctttaaagc agcccgcagg tgggctgcca
      61 gttcttggaa gggcttatta atgaaaaccc cccaagcctg acaacctggg ggaaggctca
      121 ctggccccat gtatagctga taagggccag gagattccac aactcaggta gttcccccgc
      181 ccccctggag ttctgtggtc accattaatc atttcctcta actgtgtata taagagctct
      241 tttgcagtga gcccagtact cagagagaaa ggctaaggtc ctgaggagga tgtggctgca
      301 gaatttactt ttcctgggca ttgtggtcta cagcctctca gcacccaccc gctcacccat
      361 cactgtcacc cggccttgga agcatgtaga ggccatcaaa gaagccctga acctcctgga
      421 tgacatgcct gtcacgttga atgaagaggt agaagtcgtc tctaacgagt tctccttcaa
      481 gaagctaaca tgtgtgcaga cccgcctgaa gatattcgag cagggtctac ggggcaattt
      541 caccaaactc aagggcgcct tgaacatgac agccagctac taccagacat actgcccccc
      601 aactccggaa acggactgtg aaacacaagt taccacctat gcggatttca tagacagcct
      661 taaaaccttt ctgactgata tcccctttga atgcaaaaaa ccaggccaaa aatgaggaag
      721 cccaggccag ctctgaatcc agcttctcag actgctgctt ttgtgcctgc gtaatgagcc
      781 aggaacttgg aatttctgcc ttaaagggac caagagatgt ggcacagcca cagttggaag
      841 gcagtatagc cctctgaaaa cgctgactca gcttggacag cggaagacaa acgagagata
      901 ttttctactg atagggacca ttatatttat ttatatattt atatttttta aatatttatt
      961 tatttattta tttatttttg caactctatt tattgagaat gtcttaccag aataataaat
      1021 tattaaaact ttt

      I designed these primers but have no idea if it is good or not.
      CAA: for protecting my restriction site during PCR
      GCATGC: restriction site
      ACC: Kozak sequence
      I used pearlprimer,there it says for dimers:
      Forward vs. Forward: -4.81 kcal/mol (Is it much?)
      Forward vs. Reverse: -0.45 kcal/mol
      Reverse vs. Reverse: -1.57 kcal/mol

      My forward primer Tm is 60.78
      My reverse primer Tm is: 59.79. But these Tm values are without restriction site,kozak sequence only ACCATGTGGCTGCAGAATTTA for forward and TTACCTGGGCTTCCTCATTTT for reverse. Should I calculate Tm with kozak, restriction site included again??
      I will be grateful if someone help me please, it is very important for me
      Thank you

    • #108529

      Don’t anyone know primer design? Please I really need help to start my reseach project. It is my first time designing primer so I have no idea if I do the design right or not?

      Kindly request you to give a hand

    • #108592

      I would really like to know too! honestly there are so many ways and methods on web I found. The thing is maybe I dont have the courage to apply it without returning to an experianced person!
      Will follow up the thread…

    • #110694

      Sorry I was not able to respond to your question earlier. Unfortunately, I just joined. Hopefully I still could provide some assistance.

      There are several guidelines for designing primers for PCR or sequencing. (1) The primer length should range 18 to 22 bases. Your primers are 21 bases in length and should be okay. (2)50 to 60 percent GC content. Your primers have 43 percent GC content. However, since they are 21 bases in length, this should also be okay. (3) Should have a GC lock. 2 of 3 of the 3 prime bases should be G or C with the final 3 prime base G or C. The primers you have listed are AT rich along the 3 prime end. They could still work as many primers lacking the GC lock have before. But it is a guideline to remember in the future.

      Specifically for PCR forward and reverse primers, the Tm values should be within 4 degrees.

      I would recommend including the Kozak sequence and restriction site in the Tm values. Basically you have tailed 21 base length primers with these added sequences. During the first round of PCR, the additional bases will be included in the amplified product. Therefore, the Kozak sequence and restriction site will become part of the priming site.

      Hopefully you will find this information helpful at this late date.

      Doug B

    • #110695

      Sorry, I forgot to add one thing. I reviewed the primer sequence for secondary structure. It appears as though the forward primer has a 5 base compliment to itself (CTGCA). This likely accounts for the higher potential of primer dimer. Probably not to big of a concern. The reverse primer actually has a 7 base compliment to the product sequence beginning at base 308. I think your primers are okay for both.

      Doug B

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