Sense effect of RNAi

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    • #14455
      Hannah2008
      Participant

      Does anyone know the basis for why sense RNA has been shown to be effective at knocking down transcription as antisense? Thanks,
      Hannah

    • #103388
      JackBean
      Participant

      I would guess affection of transcription

    • #103421
      magicsiew
      Participant

      It can either block or cleave the mRNA… Can get more detail if u read on miRNA and siRNA…

    • #103422
      JackBean
      Participant

      really? Sense RNA?

    • #103433
      magicsiew
      Participant

      Sense RNA is mRNA, which can code for protein or RNA as end product. Therefore if the sense RNA (mRNA) is code of RNA as end product, its corresponding strand later will form a duplex, cut by dicer, combine with other protein and modification then form siRNA or miRNA which will knockdown transcription.

    • #103434
      JackBean
      Participant

      form duplex with what? 🙄

    • #103436
      Hannah2008
      Participant

      If you are introducing a sense strand of mRNA into the cell, what would it bind to form a duplex, since the endogenous mRNA would also be in the sense direction?
      Unless there is double stranded contamination, which is one explanation…

    • #103438
      JackBean
      Participant

      no, the answer should be transcription inhibition

    • #103453
      magicsiew
      Participant

      Duplex can be formed by few ways:
      1. RNA dependent RNA Polymerase (RdR)
      2. Single strand folded to become double strand
      3. Retrotransposon

      Depends on what kind of organism is it…

    • #103456
      jonmoulton
      Participant

      As JackBean wrote, the sense RNA bound to Argonaute can affect transcription. I recall reading that Argonaute-RNA complexes can direct changes in methylation of RNA (or was it histone acetylation? It’s been a few years since I read that). Either way, by changing the epigenetic state of a gene the Argonaute-RNA complex can change the transcription rate from that gene.

      Other, less specific gene regulation can occur though innate immune responses to exogenous RNA:
      Small interfering RNAs mediate sequence-independent gene suppression and induce immune activation by signaling through toll-like receptor 3. Kariko K, Bhuyan P, Capodici J, Weissman D. J Immunol. 2004 Jun 1;172(11):6545-9.

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