What is the difference between chromatide and nucleotide?

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    • #14876
      Doowally
      Participant

      What is the difference between a chromatide and a nucleotide? I hope these are the correct words.
      As I understand a nucleotide is a single "chain" of DNA and a chromatide is the bihelix (two "chains" and the protein molecules in between). Am I right?

    • #104671
      Julie5
      Participant

      The nucleotide is the single unit of DNA comprising the sugar molecule (deoxyribose) which is bonded to the base (A/T/C/G) (this combo is the nucleoside),plus the phosphate group (which bonds the C3 carbon atom of one sugar molecule to the C5 carbon molecule of the next one along in a phospodiester bond).

      The string of nucleotides comprises a single strand of DNA.

      A chromatid (which consists of chromatin – which is DNA plus its associated proteins, including histone) is one of the two ‘rods’ or ‘arms’ of the typical X shaped chromosome that we see at mitosis (when the DNA is highly condensed into its typical X shape). The two chromatids in a chromosome are clamped together (ie, the fulcrum of the X) at the centromere.

      So:

      Nucleoside = sugar + base
      Nucleotide = sugar + base + phosphate
      Single strand of DNA = sequence of nucleotides

      Chromatin = DNA (double strand forming the double helix) plus proteins (scaffold for the DNA)
      Chromatid + one half of a condensed chromosome

      It IS confusing, but I hope that clarifies a bit (and I hope others will confirm I’ve got it right!!!!!)

      Regards, Julie

    • #104674
      Doowally
      Participant

      Hey, thanks. So it’s not too far from what I understood (?). I don’t think I need to know it in such detail, it’s just for high school final exam but thanks. 😉

    • #104683
      Julie5
      Participant

      Glad to have helped – but I’d definitely feel more comfortable if one of the experts here either confirmed or corrected my answer. I’m much more comfortable asking the questions than attempting the answers!

      I think I’m right on this one though, but as I say, I would await confirmation or correction by one of the team of helpful resident experts here!! 🙂
      Regards
      Julie

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